Do’s and Don’ts of Face Masks in 2021

Do’s and Don’ts of Face Masks in 2021

Masks have become an essential accessory since the break of Covid, as it is considered to be a significant tool to prevent spread of virus in public gatherings. It protects the people around you and ensures wearer protection as well.

Two measures prevent the spread of disease: limiting the contact of people (infected and non-infected) by social distancing and reducing the transmission possibility per reach. The dominance of this fact can be proved by the fact that reducing transmission per reach can lessen the spread of virus particles through the airway.  

Being the most effective barrier, the mask must be used correctly. One must be properly informed about ways of selecting, using and cleaning the face masks. We take you on a guide through this article, on all necessary points to adopt (particularly about face masks) in this current pandemic situation.

Select the Correct Face Mask

Surgical and cloth masks, both are good choices making sure that the cloth mask is composed of two layers. Both masks act as barricades to air molecules produced from breathing, coughing or sneezing. Medical respirator masks (N95) usually worn by medical staff, doctors, dentists etc. and also by infected people under examination. Try to avoid using masks with vents because they are not efficient in preventing virus spread.



Breathable layers of fabric (two or more)

Avoid selecting vinyl fabric masks

Mask must be of defined symmetry to cover face and mouth

Must not contain valves to inhale/exhale particles

Pick those masks that cozily fit to face leaving no gap

Refrain from selecting N95 because they are intended for healthcare staff

Wash mask in hot or lukewarm water and dry before using

Avoid wearing wet/dirty mask


Medical Vs. Fabric Masks

Medical masks are worn by medical staff and workers in clinical facilities. People over 60 years of age and those with respiratory health issues are recommended to wear medical masks because they possess low immune systems towards disease.

Whereas fabric/disposable masks must be used by people under age sixty and those with no apparent underlying disease.

Things to Follow (Do’s)

The top things in to do list while dealing with masks are:

1. Wash/Sanitize Hands

Make sure your hands are clean all the time you touch your face. It is mandatory to wash hands with germ killing soap for at least twenty seconds and if soap is not in reach then sanitizer containing min 60 percent alcohol can be used.

2. Wrap Nose and Mouth Area

Ensure to wear a snug fit mask. Masks of different sizes and shapes are available in the market. Choose wisely those ones which cover your nose and mouth mainly. Loops of the mask can be used to tuck behind ears or head leaving no gap to enable full protection.

3. Correctly Wearing/Removing Mask

Straps on masks can help in putting on and taking it off. Utilize these loops instead of directly touching the mask. Never forget to sanitize or wash hands with soap to disinfect and put the mask in a dry safe and hygienic place. 

4. Mask with Glasses

All masks contain a harder side with a nose clip for better adjustment. People with glasses face difficulty while speaking and breathing due to fog on lenses. To avoid this situation, fix the nose pad on top of the mask clip or else wash glasses with soap to create a thin film on the lens which acts as fog blockade.


Things to Avoid (Don’ts)

There are some necessary precautions to keep in mind.

1. Don’t Wear Mask Upside Down

If not worn in the right direction, the purpose of wearing a mask eradicates and offers zero protection. Never wear a mask upside down, instead keep the nose clip on top and properly adjust it to conform to the face tightly. Moreover, never put a mask down on the neck or below the mouth or chin. Activities of continuously putting it on and off or hanging from one side are strictly forbidden.

2. Don’t Touch Mask in Public

When you get exposed to public gathering your hands encounter many bacteria present on things you touch. So it is not safe to touch your mask without disinfecting hands with sanitizer. Germs on hand can get you infected as the virus can harm the person even entering from a small surface exposed to outer air. Once you get alone do not take off your mask thinking that being out from gathering won’t harm you. You may have carried germs along with hands, masks and objects you carried.

3. Never Reuse

Disposable masks must not be used more than one time as it may spread germs. Virus can stay alive on the outer surface for days, so if there comes a situation to reuse a mask then wash it properly before using or otherwise trash it.

4. Don’t Wear Wet or Soiled Mask

Although it is necessary to wear a mask all the time when you are in interaction with the outside world, it is good not to wear a mask while you engage yourself in activities where your mask can get wet i.e. while swimming and exercising.

5. Age Limit for Using Mask

Children below the age of 2 years should not be given masks. Toddlers also have less risk of catching Covid and using masks is not effective for them as they are unable to fully understand the instructions that come with using masks.


Although masks provide a shield against viruses, using a mask alone and lowering your guard on other precautionary measures is not a good option. Mask usage must not create a false security sense among people and they should also adopt other safeguards like hand hygiene and social distancing.